Since breath is life, lung health ought to be as high on the global public health agenda as other basic health issues, such as cardiac health or obesity, but it is not. As per the WHO, the burden of lung diseases is enormous killing more than 10 million people in a year.
The Lungs are the most common organ affected by environmental changes. Urbanization, Industrialization and pollution from motor vehicles have resulted in significant increase in respiratory diseases. The lungs, with their combined surface area of greater than 500m2, are directly open to the external environment. Thus structural, functional or microbiological changes within the lungs can be closely related to epidemiological, environmental, occupational, personal and social factors. Primary respiratory diseases are responsible for a major burden of morbidity and untimely deaths, and the lungs are often affected in multisystem diseases.
Prevention and early diagnosis is very important in non-communicable respiratory disorders because once the patient becomes symptomatic, nothing much can be done to revert back the structural changes which have taken place over a period of time. Hence Lung health programme is very important for reducing the morbidity and mortality due to chronic lung diseases.
MASTER LUNG CHECK UP:
The aims and objective of Lung health programme is for prevention of chronic lung diseases, early diagnosis and treatment and rehabilitation of the people suffering from lung diseases. This programme also helps in conducting research activities in the field of respiratory diseases and helps us planning for public health engineering.
People apparently normal with mild or no symptoms in the beginning should undergo this check-up as meant for prevention, early detection, cure and rehabilitation.
Epidemiology of Respiratory Diseases
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is a growing global epidemic that is estimated to kill around 3 million people every year. It is currently fourth largest killer disease in the world and expected to climb the third position by the year 2030.
In India, half a million people are expected to die every year
Tobacco smoking is believed to be the biggest risk factor for COPD globally accounting for between 80 – 85% of all COPD cases.
Lung cancer is the most common cancer representing approx. 12% of all new cancers. It is also the most frequent type of cancer in males and remains the most common cause of cancer mortality in both sexes.
Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for lung cancer causing 22% of global cancer deaths and 71% of global lung cancer deaths. In Asian countries, 50.7 per 100,000 men and 28 per 100,000 women suffer from lung cancer which needs early detection.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
The prevalence of co-morbid insomnia in patients with obstructive sleep apnea ranges from 39 – 50%.
In the general adult population, the prevalence of sleep associated with excessive sleepiness is approximately 3-7% in men and 2-5% in women. The prevalence of OSA is much higher, ≥ 50%, in patients with cardiac or metabolic disorders than in the general population.
Risk factors for OSA include obesity (the strongest risk factor), upper airway abnormalities, male gender, menopause and age (the prevalence of OSA associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality increases with age and peaks at approximately 55 years of age).
Allergic Rhinitis and Bronchial Asthma
Allergic rhinitis and asthma are the most common atopic diseases with increasing prevalence during the last decade.
Over 400 million people suffer from allergic rhinitis and 300 million people suffer from asthma.
Allergic rhinitis and asthma are closely linked based on variety of parameters ranging from epidemiologic, immunologic and clinical evidences. Epidemiologically, upto 40% patients with allergic rhinitis have comorbid asthma and upto 80% of the patients with asthma experience nasal symptoms.
The prevalence of asthma is three-fold higher in those children who had allergic rhinitis at baseline.
Interstitial Lung Disease
Globally, the incidence and prevalence of ILD is unclear, as it is often incidentally and can be result of innumerable insults. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is the most common and accounts for 60% of ILD.
The prevalence of ILD is more prevalent over the age of 60 years.
Pneumonia/ Respiratory Tract Infections
Community acquired pneumonia is an extremely common infection that causes considerable morbidity and mortality even in the modern world especially, among the very young, elderly and patients with underline co-morbid disease.
The overall mortality of community acquired pneumonia varies from less than 1% in outpatients to approx. 14% in cases admitted to hospital and, to 50% or more in patients requiring intensive care unit admissions.
Tuberculosis (TB), among the ten leading cause of death worldwide, remains a major public health. It is estimated that about 1/3rd of the world’s population is infected with tubercle bacilli.
According to WHO, India remains one of the highest TB burden in the country with an estimated figure of 2.2 million cases in India out of a global incidence of 8.7 million cases.
Why Master lung check-up is necessary?
Regular check-ups are an important part of disease prevention, even when you are feeling well. This is especially true for lung disease, which sometimes goes undetected until it is serious.
The master lung check-up is a program for early detection of lung diseases, many of which can be cured, if diagnosed early. Our lung check up is specifically designed for employees who are apparently busy or engaged in their work and end up doing everything except getting a health check-up done.
Who Should Undergo Master Lung Check Up?
- Chronic smokers (more than three months)
- People with recurrent attacks of coughing, sneezing and wheezing
- People with snoring/ sleep disturbances
- Persons who are constantly living in highly polluted regions
- Persons working in the Cotton Industry, Mines, Garment factory, Sawmills
- People suffering from diabetes mellitus
- Family History of Lung diseases (eg. Lung cancer)
- Loss of weight and loss of appetite
What does master lung check-up include?
- Clinical examination (Consultation with Specialist)
- Basic Investigations
- Routine Blood analysis
- Sputum analysis
- Urine analysis
- Chest X-Ray
- Six minute walk test
- Pulmonary Function Test (PFT)
(Fibrotic bronchoscopy, if necessary)
Preparing your visit to the Doctor
Please go through the following guidelines for your well-being.
- The patient must carry previous medical reports and records.
- Bronchodilators should be avoided on that particular day
This lung health programme is done separately between 4.00 pm – 8.00 pm apart from the routine OPD and casualty work.
Through Online Book Appointment or
Please call 080 2663 1923 between 10.00 am – 4.00 pm on weekdays